## Introduction

For our research in Autonomous Mobility-on-Demand, we developed a real-time controller that leverages short-term travel demand predictions. Naturally, part of the work is to come up with good predictions, so we are testing forecasting models based on Long Short-Term Memory neural networks. To train these models, we previously used small datasets provided by Didi Chuxing. However, we are now going to test to the largest available dataset of taxi trips: the New York City Taxi and Limousine Commission dataset (NYC TLC).

These series of entries will record how to process six years of data (2009-2014, since afterwards ridesharing took over a significant portion of the demand) in a format that we can then use to train our neural networks. This first entry focuses on copying the data to a location I can readily use, AWS S3.

To the best of my knowledge, there is no easy way to move files from the internet into S3 without first downloading them to a computer or server you own. Thus, the process consists of downloading the files into a local computer, then syncing the files with an S3 bucket.

## Copying the files locally

The first step is to make sure that you have enough space to copy all of the files (~170 GB). There are surely ways to use less space (e.g. download, sync, and delete each file at a time), but since in my case this was not a constraint, I went the easy route.

The second step is to create a folder to host all the files. A single command does this for us:

mkdir /media/Big_Data/rdit/nyc-tlc


Third, I created a Python script to handle the downloads. The file is called download_files.py and is a modification of someone else's work. The script is the following:

import urllib
import os
import time
import sys
# modified from https://github.com/sdaulton/TaxiPrediction/blob/master/1.%20Setup%20Project.ipynb
nyc_path = '/media/Big_Data/rdit/nyc-tlc'
# make dir if it does not exist
if not os.path.isdir(nyc_path): os.mkdir(nyc_path)
# variables
baseUrl = "https://s3.amazonaws.com/nyc-tlc/trip+data/"
#Yellow/green cab filename prefix
yCabFNPrefix = "yellow_tripdata_"

#Availaiblity of data set by month & year
yDict = {}
years = range(2009, 2015)
months = range(1,13)

for year in years:
yDict[year] = months

yCabUrls = []
yCabFilenames = []
for year, monthList in yDict.iteritems():
yearStr = str(year)
for month in monthList:
monthStr = str(month)
if len(monthStr) == 1:
monthStr = "0"+monthStr
url = baseUrl+yCabFNPrefix+yearStr+'-'+monthStr+".csv"
yCabUrls.append(url)
yCabFilenames.append(yCabFNPrefix+yearStr+'-'+monthStr+".csv")

def reporthook(count, block_size, total_size):
global start_time
if count == 0:
start_time = time.time()
return
duration = time.time() - start_time
progress_size = int(count * block_size)
speed = int(progress_size / (1024 * duration))
percent = int(count * block_size * 100 / total_size)
sys.stdout.write("\r...%d%%, %d MB, %d KB/s, %d seconds passed" %
(percent, progress_size / (1024 * 1024), speed, duration))
sys.stdout.flush()

def save(url, filename):
urllib.urlretrieve(url, filename, reporthook)

for url,filename in zip(yCabUrls,yCabFilenames):
print url, filename
save(url, nyc_path + '/' + filename)


Now, simply run

python download_files.py


and wait for it to end. Tip: This will likely take hours, make sure you run this in the background (e.g. using screen) to ensure that it will continue to run after you log-off.

## Copying to S3

The second part involves copying these files to an S3 bucket.

First, install the AWS CLI toolset:

pip install awscli


Now, run

aws configure


to configure the command using your credentials (if you are confused, this guide can help).

Having awscli installed and configured, we can create a bucket to host our dataset. In my case, I created a bucket called nyc-data as follows:

aws s3 mb s3://nyc-data


Finally, we can sync all the files by running:

aws s3 sync /media/Big_Data/rdit/nyc-tlc s3://nyc-tlc


As before, it is recommended that you run this in the background to ensure it completes.

## Next steps

The next steps involve i) filtering the dataset so that we only consider trips that start and end within Manhattan, ii) split Manhattan into a finite set of regions and labeling each trip with the origin and destination regions, iii) aggregate the data into number of trips per Origin-Destination-Time triplets.